The China Flag

China Flag

The China Flag has five yellow stars on a red background.

The red background symbolizes the revolution and the blood of those who died during the civil war and the Japanese invasion.

On the upper left corner there are five yellow stars: One large and four smaller ones surrounding the larger star on its right side.

The large yellow star represents the Communist Party leadership.

The four smaller stars represent the four classes of society as prescribed by Chairman Mao: the working class, the peasantry, the urban petty bourgeoisie, and the national bourgeoisie.

The four divisions of society in a more historical context, refers to the model of society in ancient China greatly influenced by the teachings of Confucius:

  • The Gentry - this class was made up of the ruling class, the bureaucrats and public servants which attained their positions based on the meritocratic exams for the most part, although this class was also more or less hereditary

  • The Farmers or peasantry - in a mostly agrarian society, this class was very important as they were the base for the production of goods for the benefit of the society

  • The Artisans - this was the working class that created products from other products.

  • The Merchants - they were the traders that did not directly produce anything for the society but were the ones that distributed the goods.

The four smaller stars surrounding the larger star represent the unity of the Chinese people under the leadership of the Party and their golden color represent the yellow race of the Chinese people.

The Chinese Flag was flown for the first time at Beijing's Tiananmen Square on October 1, 1949, at the celebration of the founding of the People's Republic of China soon after the Communist Party came to power.

Chinese Flag at Tiananmen Square

The China Flag flies proudly at the Great Wall at Badaling:

China Flag at the Great Wall

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From National Geographic Kids
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