Chinese Food Ingredients and Staples

Chinese Food Ingredients Fresh Vegetables

On this page we list some basic Chinese Food Ingredients, which should be present in your Chinese shelf and are used to prepare some of the most common Chinese Food Recipes.

Most can be obtained at your local supermarket, look in the Asian or Ethnic Supplies section.

Others like the Chinese fresh vegetables can be found at the local Asian Grocer.

Click here for a short introduction to the basic Chinese Food Ingredients and their evolution in Chinese Cooking.

Fresh Chinese Ingredients
used for Flavor and Seasoning
Garlic has been used in China for over 5,000 years. Not only in the kitchen but also in Chinese Traditional Medicine as it is considered to have medicinal properties. You will find that Garlic is used throughout Chinese cooking, one of the most common uses is with stir-fries.
Chinese Food Ingredients: Garlic
Ginger is along with garlic the most common Chinese Food ingredient used for flavoring. Ginger is popular with Cantonese dishes as well as the more spicy Szechuan recipes. Besides fresh ginger, you can also find it ground and pickled.
Chinese Food Ingredients: Ginger
Green Onions

Green Onions or Spring Onions are used liberally either cooked to add flavor or raw as garnishings. A staple in most stir-fry dishes.
Chinese Food Ingredients: Green Onions
Fresh Chilies can be added chopped, sliced, crushed or whole for that extra zing! There are many kinds of chilies, some are hotter than others. Also can be found dried and they are just as hot.
Chinese Food Ingredients: Chilies
Cilantro or Chinese Parsley
A very popular herb with a strong flavor, also known as Coriander. It is popular in Chinese cooking with sauces, soups, dim sums and as garnish.
Chinese Food Ingredients: Chinese Parsley
Chinese Sauces and Condiments
Soy Sauce
There is a light soy sauce and a dark soy sauce, make sure you use the kind your recipe calls for. We normally use the dark sauce for cooking and season meats. The light soy sauce can be served on the table for dipping spring rolls or dim sum for example.
Chinese Food Ingredients - Sauces and condiments: Soy Sauce
Oyster Sauce
Oysters and soy sauce are the main ingredients. The brown sauce, although made from oysters, it doesn't have a strong fishy taste, its taste is rather mild and is used for cooking meats and vegetables and very popular in Cantonese dishes. There is also a "vegetarian" version made with mushrooms.
Chinese Food Ingredients - Sauces and condiments: Oyster Sauce
Sesame Oil
Sesame Oil is a dark, aromatic and very flavorful ingredient. There are several kinds, the one used for Chinese cooking is usually heavier and darker and it is not used for frying but rather as a marinade, sprinkled at the end just for flavor, or added to dipping sauces.
Chinese Food Ingredients - Sauces and condiments: Sesame Oil
Five Spice Powder
What is in Five Spice Powder? It is made of ground peppercorns, star anise, cloves, fennel and cinnamon and sometimes coriander seeds. It is a mix of flavors, from sweet to hot, fragrant, salty and pungent and used to condiment meats, fish, poultry and vegetables.
Chinese Food Ingredients - Sauces and condiments: Five Spice Powder
Chili Sauce
Made from chili peppers, it is used for dipping and stirfrying. Can be served on the table to sprinkle over food as desired.
Chinese Food Ingredients - Sauces and condiments: Chili Sauce
Chili Paste
Made from chili peppers and soybeans, it's a staple in Szechuan and Hunan spicy dishes. Fragrant when cooked, a tiny bit goes a long way.
Chinese Food Ingredients - Sauces and condiments: Chili Paste
Rice Vinegar or Chinkiang Vinegar
Very popular for its strong smoky flavor. This dark rice vinegar is made of glutinous rice and can be added to soups, dipping sauces and braised dishes.
Chinese Food Ingredients - Sauces and condiments: Rice Vinegar
Plum Sauce
This is a sweet and sour sauce usually served for dipping deep-fried foods: pieces of meat/duck/chicken, spring rolls, fried wontons, etc. Made of plums, sometimes also peaches, and vinegar, ginger and chilies.
Chinese Food Ingredients - Sauces and condiments: Plum Sauce
Black Bean Sauce
Made of fermented beans, garlic, peppers, vinegar and soy sauce. This flavorful sauce is added to stir-fries and steamed dishes.
Chinese Food Ingredients - Sauces and condiments: Soy Sauce
Chinese Vegetables
Bok Choy
Also known as Chinese Mustard has meaty white stems with dark green leaves. There is also Baby Bok Choy, with both stems and leaves a lighter green color. Used in soups, stir-fried with noodles, steamed...
Chinese Food - Vegetables: Bak Choy
Chinese Eggplant
It is the same as regular eggplant but long and skinny. Used in stir-fries or steamed. One of our favorites is Spicy Beef with Eggplant in Garlic and Black Bean Sauce. If you can't find the long and skinny kind, regular eggplant does the job.
Chinese Food - Vegetables: Chinese Eggplant
Chinese Cabbage
A leafy vegetable also known as snow cabagge, is very common and can be found at the supermarket. Great stir-fried with your choice of sauce and condiment, in salads or pickled.
Chinese Food - Vegetables: Chinese Cabbage
Gai Lan or Chinese Broccoli
A green leafy vegetable from the kale and broccoli family, the taste is similar to broccoli, perhaps a bit sweeter. Very popular dish served stir-fried with garlic or steamed with oyster sauce. You can find Gai Lan at your local asian grocer.
Chinese Food - Vegetables: Gai Lan
Soy Bean Sprouts
A common vegetable in Chinese cooking, soy bean sprouts are rich in vitamins A, B and C. They can be eaten raw in salads, also popular in stir-fried dishes.
Chinese Food - Vegetables: Bean Sprouts
Snow Peas
Sweet and crisp, don't overcook or they become soggy. Very common in stir-fries, they are popular and easy to find at your local supermarket.
Chinese Food - Vegetables: Snow Peas
White Radish
They look more like carrots than the little round red radishes. Rich in calcium and vitamin C, they are used in stir-fries, added to soups or in turnip cake.
Chinese Food - Vegetables: White Radish
Chinese Mushrooms

Chinese mushrooms have a somewhat stronger flavor and they need to be soaked in warm water for at least half an hour to soften them before use.
Chinese Food - Vegetables: Chinese Mushrooms
Bamboo Shoots
Can be easily found canned or in jars in the asian/ethnic food aisle at your supermarket. They are very popular as an add on to stir-fries.
Chinese Food - Vegetables: Bamboo Shoots
Other Staples in our Chinese Shelf
Chinese Sausages
Chinese Sausages are made of pork and have a smoky, sweet taste. There are variations with chicken liver also available. Great to add to fried noodles or rice. You find them also rolled and steamed in Dim Sums. Buy at your local Asian Grocer.
Chinese Food Staples: Chinese Sausages
Spring Roll Wrappers
Spring Roll Wrappers used in Chinese cooking are normally made of wheat flour and water. Roll-in your filling, deep-fry them and serve with your favorite sauce. You can find them in the frozen food section at your store.
Chinese Food Staples: Spring Roll Wrappers
Bean Curd or Tofu
Tofu is made from soymilk and resembles the consistency of cheesecake. It is a very nutritious ingredient, rich in minerals and an excellent source of protein. It is served in soups, salads, stir-fried dishes. Mapo Tofu with the spicy sauce is our favorite.
Chinese Food Staples: Tofu
Egg or Wheat Noodles
A basic of Chinese staples. Chinese love their noodles. Wheat noodles are generally used in soups, wheat and egg noodles can be stir-fried.
Chinese Food Staples: noodles
Rice Noodles
Thin and transparent, rice noodles should be soaked in hot water to soften them before use. They are used in soups, salads, stir-fries and spring rolls.
Chinese Food Staples: rice noodles
While I was growing up, I can't remember a meal being served without rice. Rice is at the core of every Chinese meal.
Chinese Food Staples: rice
Chinese Tea
Chinese Tea is more than a beverage. For Chinese, tea is a medicine, tea is an art, tea is their Culture.
Chinese Food Staples: tea

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